decorative rug
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MATERIALS

The material used most often in Oriental rugs is the glossy and supple wool of sheep. Other common materials include goat's hair, camel's hair, cotton and silk.

WOOL
Wool is provided by the numerous flocks, often tended to by nomadic shepherds, that graze in vast, undeveloped areas. Wool from Khorasan and Kirman is famous for being fine and velvety, while wool from the Caucasus and Central Asia is prized for being strong and lustrous.
coton ------------wool

The nomadic peoples usually shear the animals toward the end of spring. First, the animals are washed by the side of a river or near a well. The wool undergoes a second washing after the clipping. Then, it is trampled underfoot and dried in the open air. The wool is spun according to age-old methods. Holding a quantity of wool under arm, the spinner twists the threads and wraps them around a rod

warb_weft
Real silk is produced as the cocoon covering of the silkworm, the pupal form of the Asian or mulberry silk moth, bombyx mori. The cocoon is spun by the silk moth caterpillar of a single silk fiber that can be up to several thousand feet in length. To harvest the silk, completed cocoons are boiled or heated to kill the silkworms, then laboriously unwound into single fibers which are plied together and spun into thread or silk yarn.
Natural silk is a fibrous protein composed of a number of amino acids: glycine (44.5%), alanine (29.3%), serine (12.1%), valine (2.2%), tyrosine (5.2%), glutamic acid (1%), others less than 1% each. Chemically, natural silk is C15H23O6N5 (we give the formula in case you want to whip up a batch of your own). Silk is extremely high in tensile strength, exceeding that of nylon. It has been estimated that if a single silk fiber with the diameter of a pencil could be produced, the fiber could lift a 747 aircraft (who figures these things out, anyway?). Silk is used to make Oriental rugs because dyed silk is a fiber with rich, saturated colors, and a distinctive, almost translucent luster.


ARTIFICIAL SILK

Mercerized cotton


Artificial silk is everything billed as silk that doesn't come from the silkworm cocoon. Most often this means mercerized cotton; sometimes it means a manufactured fiber like rayon or a blend of chemically altered and/or manufactured fibers. It's not that artificial silk is intrinsically evil, it's just that the whole point of using artificial silk in a rug is to save the cost of real silk. It is not nice when this cheaper, artificial silk rug is misrepresented and sold for the price of a real silk rug.

MERCERIZED COTTON

A ripening cotton boll can contain as many as 5,000 separate cotton fibers, each fiber growing from a tiny seed and formed as a hollow cylindrical sheath of as many as thirty layers of almost pure cellulose. Cotton fiber is mercerized by being stretched under controlled tension at room temperature while being treated with a 21%-23% solution of caustic soda (NaOH). The effect is to swell the fiber and make its surface much more reflective, thus dramatically increasing its luster (and also its tensile strength). After the chemical treatment, cotton yarn is often singed to remove whatever small amount of fuzz remains on the surface of the fibers. Sometimes cotton is calendered by being passed between heated rollers. The effect is to increase the luster and sheen of the fiber still more. However it is treated, cotton remains cellulose: C6H10O5.

RAYON
Like cotton, rayon is made of almost pure cellulose, but rather than being grown, rayon is produced by first dissolving cellulose (obtained from cotton or woodpulp) to produce a thick yellow liquid called viscose. The viscose is extruded through tiny holes into a chemical bath that produces long filaments which can be spun into thread and yarn. Viscouse rayon was the first man-made fiber. In 1920, DuPont bought from the French the technology for making viscose rayon. DuPont first called the material "artificial silk", and formed a company (The DuPont Fibersilk Company) to manufacture it. Other artificial fibers would follow quickly: acetate (also derived from cellulose) in 1924, nylon, (commonly, adipic acid reacted with hexamethylene diamine) in 1939, acrylic (from acrylonitrile, a petrochemical) in 1950, polyester in 1953, and triacetate in 1954.

 

For our clients who are hesitant about purchasing from the web, or prefer to admire a collection with their own eyes we provide our free home service - which is providing service in your very own home - so you can see how the rug will work with your interior and if it will blend.


The procedure is very simple, all you need to do is to contact us, make an appointment for a date and time convenient for yourself and our pleasant and polite representative will visit you on time at the location of your choice – home, office etc., this way you will have the advantage of admiring a whole collection in the area in which you are planning to use the rug - you will also be sure of the color and size to prevent a mistake! To ensure that our representative attends the appointment with the rugs of your interest please do not forget to specify the color, size, material and pattern prior to making the appointment.

There is no obligation whatsoever but we would be very happy if our clients were seriously interested. In order to prevent any discomfort you may have you are more than welcome to invite other guests and friends to share the special moment and feel the atmosphere with you.


Note : This service is free

 

 

 

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